Color Reduction and Pattern Re-Coloring in Photoshop

rose pattern in millions of colors rose pattern in four colors rose pattern in three colors rose pattern in two colors

Pattern Re-Color Section - 2

Color Harmonies

It takes approximetly 10 minutes to review this material

“In color theory, color harmony refers to the property that certain aesthetically pleasing color combinations have. These combinations create pleasing contrasts and consonances that are said to be harmonious. These combinations can be of complementary colors, split-complementary colors, color triads, or analogous colors. Color harmony has been a topic of extensive study throughout history, but only since the Renaissance and the Scientific Revolution has it seen extensive codification. Artists and designers make use of these harmonies to achieve certain moods or aesthetics.” from wikipedia/eng/

The basic harmonies shown below are meant to be starting points for creating our own unique color arrangements or harmonies.

Complimentary color harmony

Complimentary Colors

Split Complimentary color harmony

Split Complimentaries

Analagous color harmony

Analagous Colors

Triadic color harmony

Triadic Colors

Tetradic color harmony

Tetradic Colors

Quadratic color harmony

Quadratic Colors

Color Ratios

The ratios below show a 1 to 1 relationship with the red and green, 3 to 1 with blue and orange and finally 4 to 1 with violet and yellow. These are from Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's Theory of Colours, (1810).







Variation of the Itten color wheel with labels
All images on this page were created by the author.

Like with the basic harmonies shown at the top of this page, these ratios are "starting points" from where we can make color design decisions. When we start to move away from primary and secondary colors and use tints and shades and tones, the ratios will change in different ways, some subtle while others can be more drastic.

In section 3 of the re-coloring sections, we will look at techniques for creating a harmonious color palette that can then be translated into a color table.

Click here to go to section 3

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